By Daphne Kerremans
This publication provides the 1st large-scale usage-based research of the conventionalization strategy of English neologisms within the on-line speech neighborhood. The research solutions the longstanding query of ways and why a few neologisms turn into a part of the English lexicon and others don't. It strings jointly findings and assumptions from lexicological, sociolinguistic and cognitive study and vitamins the present theories with novel data-driven insights. For this goal a webcrawler used to be constructed, which extracted the occurrences of the neologisms into consideration from the net in per month periods. The booklet indicates that the several classes conventionalization tactics may well take end result from the interaction among speaker-based sociopragmatic accommodation-induced points and components facilitating cognitive processing of novel linguistic fabric.
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Extra info for A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms
Although hypostatization affects all content words, its effect has been observed more strongly in nouns than in adjectives and within the noun category most remarkably for abstract nouns, which do not have tangible, real-world denotata. Bolinger 1980: 79). Schmid 2008: 6-7). Moreover, within the noun class, concrete nouns by definition refer to a class of tangible objects that have already existed before, but have not been named yet and thus seem to be inherently hypostatizing. Schmid 2008: 7).
Many of these medium-specific abbreviations, though widespread in subcommunities, are not fully institutionalized and conventionalized. 3. Two empirical studies on institutionalization The first large-scale empirically-driven research on institutionalization from a longitudinal, dynamic perspective was published by Roswitha Fischer in 199841. e. 1998: 2-3, 79). She introduces the concept of topicality, which describes the linguistic and extralinguistic phenomenon when “a word is used in connection with current affairs for a short period of time” (1998: 16).
Unlike for concrete nouns, the concepts represented by event/action and abstract nouns will not have been naturally perceived as a distinct category prior to their linguistic realization. Speakers might have known about the existence of these events or ideas, but it remains doubtful whether they have thought of them as one holistic conceptual gestalt that is recurrently automatically activated. This gradual development into one concept where the unit becomes more salient than its parts happens during the establishment process.
A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms by Daphne Kerremans