By Bikramjit Basu
This booklet covers the realm of complicated ceramic composites greatly, supplying very important introductory chapters to basics, processing, and functions of complicated ceramic composites. inside every one part, particular themes coated spotlight the state-of-the-art study inside of one of many above sections. The association of the e-book is designed to supply effortless realizing by means of scholars in addition to pros drawn to complex ceramic composites. some of the sections speak about basics of nature and features of ceramics, processing of ceramics, processing and houses of toughened ceramics, extreme temperature ceramics, nanoceramics and nanoceramic composites, and bioceramics and biocomposites.
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Additional resources for Advanced Structural Ceramics
Aluminum oxide has several polymorphs, among which α-Al2O3 (with space group R 3 c) is the most thermodynamically stable form. 8 metastable phases can be classified as follows: (1) fcc packing cubic (γ, η), monoclinic (θ), and tetragonal or orthorhombic (δ); (2) hexagonal closed packing (hcp) rhombohedral (α), orthorhombic (κ), and hexagonal (χ). 3 Zirconium oxide (ZrO2, also known as zirconia) has monoclinic crystal structure at room temperature, which transforms to tetragonal and cubic (Fig. 7 However, retaining the high-temperature tetragonal phase will allow absorption of energy that can restrict crack growth.
Ceramics, because of their ionic and/or covalent bonding, have a useful combination of physicomechanical properties (elastic modulus, hardness, and strength) and corrosion resistance. 18 The materials of interest will have to combine high hardness, toughness, strength, elastic modulus, and wear resistance coupled with relatively low density, resulting in low inertia under reciprocating stresses. Furthermore, the fundamental understanding of the relationship between composition, microstructure, processing route, mechanical properties, wear behavior, and performance should be clarified in order to optimally use the engineered materials in tribological applications.
T. -H. Lee, and K. Hiraga. % Al2O3 composite studied by transmission electron microscopy. Scr. Mater. 38 (1998), (7)1101. 30â•‡ D. W. Richerson. Magic of Ceramics. Wiley–American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH, 2000. Chapter 2 Bonding, Structure, and Physical Properties This chapter discusses the bonding characteristics of ceramics and mentions how to predict the physical properties, such as melting point and elastic modulus, from first-principles calculations. A large part of this chapter describes the characteristics of a number of important ceramics.
Advanced Structural Ceramics by Bikramjit Basu