By Alexander of Aphrodisias
Alexander of Aphrodisias, who flourished c. 200AD, was once the major Peripatetic thinker of his age. so much of his philosophical energies have been spent in commenting upon Aristotle: his statement at the previous Analytics continues to be the most thorough and useful courses to this hard paintings; additionally, the observation preserves valuable information regarding numerous facets of Stoic common sense, and it additionally offers an image of express syllogistic at a turning element in its historic improvement.
This quantity includes a translation of the 1st 3rd of the statement - the half facing non-modal syllogistic. the interpretation is preceded by way of a considerable creation which discusses Alexander's position within the commentatorial culture and his use of logical terminology. The booklet is finished through a translation of the pertinent a part of the earlier Analytics, a precis account of express syllogistic, and a collection of indexes.
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Additional info for Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.1-7 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)
138 On this see esp. Barnes (1983). 139 The difference emerges most clearly at in An. Pr. 392,19-26. uo See 29,1-29 and notes. 32 Introduction Two terms may stand in various relations to one another. If every B is A, then A 'includes' or 'encompasses' B, periekhei or perilambanei. ) A is 'over', huper, B, and B is 'under', hupo, A. A may, in addition, hold of things which are not B. Then A is of wider extension, epi pleon, than B, and it (or some part of it) 'falls outside' B (piptein ektos). Again, if no A is B, then A and B are 'disjoined' (apezeugmenon).
Note the practice of the Stoic Zeno (Plutarch, Stoic. Rep. 1034E); and cf. Ebbesen (1981a), I, pp. 88-9. 69 See£AT1094blO-l. 5 10 15 20 25 30 52 Translation constitutions or political power. e. at EN 1179a33-1181b23? Or does Alexander rather mean that the whole of EN is, so to speak, a preface to Pol.? g. Aristotle, Pol. 1290b38-1291a8 (cf. Plato, Rep. 552A). 1 The goal of the Analytics1 First, to say about what and of what the inquiry is: it is about demonstration and demonstrative science. 1,24alO-ll] He states briefly what is the purpose and the aim of the science of 9,5 analytics as a whole.
There is also an adjective kategorikos: as we have said, it is used specifically to designate affirmative propositions; but it is also used generically to designate simple propositions,134 and hence 130 The point later aroused controversy: see Barnes (1991). The participle is usually in the feminine, huparkhousa, agreeing with an unexpressed protasis. 132 See 53,30 note. 133 paratithenai: above, p. 25. 134 As opposed to complex or hupothetikoi propositions: above, p. 23. 135 We use the adjective 'predicative', to preserve the transparent connexion with kategorein.
Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.1-7 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle) by Alexander of Aphrodisias