By Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess (eds.)
Ever considering the fact that Aristotle's recognized argument concerning the sea-battle day after today, there was extensive and debatable dialogue between philosophers no matter if the reality of statements concerning the destiny results in determinism. Ther e is controversy approximately Aristotle's personal technique to the matter, in addition to the perspectives of classical and medieval commentators on Aristotle. Seel's publication makes an attempt to respond to this query for the Neoplatonist Ammonius (5th-6th century AD). In so doing, he additionally opens up new insights into Neoplatonic inspiration.
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Extra resources for Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays
For our present purposes, only the first step is important. What, according to Chrysippus, is the relation between the truth of propositions (αξιώματα) and the causation of events? It should firstly be noted that the Stoics held a kind of correspondence theory of truth, articulated in a special technical vocabulary. According to this theory, a proposition (αξίωμα) is true when it is actualised and false when it is not actualised (Sextus Empiricus, Μ. VIII 10): a proposition (αξίωμα), for example 'Dio is walking', is actualised when the predicate 'is walking' is actualised in the real object Dio or when Dio is actually walking.
Although there is no direct evidence to answer this question, there is some indication that Chrysippus rather meant the former. Firstly, there is a passage in Sextus Empiricus (Μ. VIII 254-5; SVF II 221, part) that clearly shows that the Stoics considered propositions about future events as either true now or false now: in the case of the conditional 'If this man has been wounded in the heart, this man will die', the proposition (αξίωμα) 'this man will die' is said about something happening in the future, but 'is present and true even now'.
106,5-23 (W) = SVF 11,509; Plutarch, Comm. not. 1081C1082A; cp. C. Lloyd 1978,294. S. Bobzien 1998a, 65 has a different explanation of why a proposition (αξίωμα) about an event that has no causes is neither false nor true: "It would not be false, since it is actualised. It would not be true, since the motion to which it correlates has 26 Part II: Introduction the other hand, if the future event has present causes that bring it about, it is already decided that it will occur. There is therefore a present fact about the future event.
Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays by Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess (eds.)